Hypertension (high blood pressure): causes, symptoms, drugs, etc.

Hypertension (high blood pressure): causes, symptoms, drugs, etc.
Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. This condition is able to lead to critical complications and increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death. Blood pressure is the strength given by blood to the walls of the blood vessels. The pressure depends on the work run by the heart and vascular resistance. Know the full explanation!


Picture Hypertension (high blood pressure)

What is hypertension?

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition in which the flow power comes from the blood against a adequately high arterial wall. Almost a third of those who had this disease did not realize it.

If you haven't checked out and are unaware of your blood pressure, ask the doctor to check it out. All adults should check their blood pressure at least every five years. Once.

The strength of this blood pressure is able to change from time to time, affected by the activity of what is being run heart and the strength of vascular resistance.

Causes of hypertension
Here are two types of causes of high blood pressure that have different causes:

1. Primary hypertension

Primary hypertension is called essential hypertension. This cause develops from time to time with no identifiable cause. Most people have a type of high blood pressure.

Researchers are still unaware of what mechanisms cause blood pressure to increase slowly. Combinations of aspects are able to play. These factors include:

  • Genes: Some people are genetically inclined to experience it. This is probably derived from the mutation of genes or genetic abnormalities inherited from the elderly.
  • Physical change: If something in your body changes, you may feel a case in all the body. High blood pressure is probably the one case mistaken. For example, an estimated change in kidney use because of aging is able to disrupt the body's natural fluid balance. This change is able to result in increased body blood pressure.
  • Environment: Over time, unhealthy living models such as lack of physical activity and poor diet are capable of adverse impacts on your body. Choice of live models is able to result in weight cases. Excess weight or obesity is able to raise risks.


2. Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension often goes along quickly and is able to be more critical than primary hypertension. Some conditions that can result in secondary hypertension include:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney disease
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Problems with the thyroid
  • Drug Side effects
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • Alcohol abuse or chronic use
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Certain endocrine tumors

Risk Factors for hypertension
Meanwhile, here are some aspects of risk you should be wary of:

  • Obesity
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Family history.

One of the most risky aspects is that each individual does not realize that he/she has hypertension. In fact, the cause of high blood pressure can not be realized by many people.

High blood risk is able to be reduced along with changing the above things and implementing a healthier living model. The only step to be aware of whether you are experiencing hypertension is along with regular blood pressure control. It is important more so unless we have a brother or offspring of high blood pressure.

Types of hypertension
1. Hypertension Grade I
When blood pressure sistole is above or equal together with 140 mmHg, and blood pressure diastole above or equal together with 90 mmHg. Diagnosis of grade I hypertension if during 2 consecutive control within a week time span of patients proves the blood pressure.

2. Grade II hypertension
When blood pressure sistole is above or equal together with 160 mmHg, and blood pressure diastole above or equal together with 100 mmHg against a one-time examination.

3. Hypertensive crisis
When blood pressure is diastole above or equal together with 180 mmHg and blood pressure diastole above or equal together with 110 mmHg. This one crisis is divided into two, namely:

  • Emergency hypertension (if there is a vital organ failure)
  • Hypertension urgency (if it has not been a vital organ failure).

Symptoms of hypertension
High blood pressure or hypertension often does not result in symptoms. However, some people who have too high blood pressure are able to feel:

  • Severe headaches
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems (possible complications to the retinal eye)
  • Chest Pain
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Blood in the urine (possible complications to the kidneys)
  • Pounding on the chest, neck, or ears.

Uncontrolled blood pressure is capable of causing the patient to fall into a state of hypertensive crisis, which leads to an organ failure such as a heart attack or stroke.

Hypertension Diagnosis
High blood pressure is often called a silent disease because the patient is not usually aware that his body has hypertension. This is due to the disease does not prove the signal and symptoms. That's why regular monitoring of blood pressure is too important.

The ideal blood pressure number is below 120/80 mmHg. However, the measurement results below 130/90 mmHg are still included within the normal limit. Blood pressure is capable of changing, so you can not be able to conclude based on the results of a high measurement in a single examination.

Blood pressure is usually measured using both manual and digital sfigmomanometers. Most physicians now use a digital sfigmomanometer, which is a blood pressure gauge that uses electronic sensors in detecting your pulse.

Hypertension treatment
The main treatment is along with changing models of life. Healthy living patterns are capable of applying, including:


Regular exercise
Keep your weight always ideal
Limit consumption of salts
Avoid smoking
In addition, you should be able to avoid stress, because it is able to cause emotional, psychological, and much less physical cases, including coronary heart disease and high blood pressure. Therefore, tackling important stress is exercised to avoid the risk of high blood pressure.

Foods that are able to lower hypertension
Diets that are able to help control blood pressure are foods that are rich in potassium, magnesium, fiber and low sodium.

Here are the recommended foods to consume:

  • Green vegetables
  • Fruit berries
  • Bit
  • Skim milk and yogurt
  • Oatmeal
  • Banana
  • Salmon, Macerel, and fish along with omega-3s
  • Grain
  • Garlic
  • Dark chocolate
  • Pistacio
  • Olive oil
  • Pomegranate


Hypertension drugs
In addition to changing the life model so healthier and the consumption of food that has been recommended above, you include the need for some medications that can be used to lower blood pressure, among others:

1. Calcium channel blocker
This hypertensive drug is used to lower blood pressure. Calcium channel blockers work together by slowing down the calcium movement into the heart cell and blood vessel walls, resulting in a more easy heart to pump and widen the blood vessels.

2. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
The drug high blood pressure widening blood vessels, to increase the amount of blood that is pumped the heart and against eventually lower hypertensive disease.

3. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB)
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) have the same effects as ACE inhibitors, but work in conjunction with different mechanisms.

4. Diuretic
Commonly known as water pills, it helps the body to get rid of water and salts that are not needed through urine. Getting rid of excessive salts and liquids helps lower blood pressure and is able to lead to a lighter blood pumping heart.

5. Beta-blockers
This drug is used to cure high blood pressure along with the blocking effect of the effects derived from the sympathetic nervous process against the heart.

6. Omega-3 fish oil supplements
Dietary supplements of fish and fish oil have a usability for healthy people and include people along with heart disease.

How to prevent hypertension
How to prevent high blood pressure is along with a healthy lifestyle. By pursue healthy living model, you are able to help treat blood pressure within a healthy range and lower the risk of heart disease and stroke.

You can try to implement this for a precautionary measure:

  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Maintain Healthy weight
  • Get enough physical activity
  • No Smoking
  • Restricting alcohol consumption

The high discipline in implementing a healthy living model will imposes a significant positive effect on blood pressure. Some people who experience this disease should not be obliged to consume drugs because the success of applying the change of life model to normalize blood pressure. 

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